8 Types of Drum Beats and their NamesPosted by Ben Heckler
Sometimes it can be difficult to communicate what you want from a drummer or what you want to do as a drummer to the rest of the band.
There are some phrases that one should know when describing different kinds of drum beats.
1. The "Money Beat"
The name says it all. This is the beat that everyone wants to hear. So much so that they've named it the money beat because no matter how complicated drummers want to get these days, this is the beat that brings in the money.
This beat is your bread and butter as a drummer. On 95% of popular music, you can at least 'get by' if you play this beat to the song.
The beat is simple. It consists of playing an alternating quarter note pattern with the kick drum and a snare drum, and an eighth note pattern on the hi-hat.
The beat sounds like this (click the play button below):
2. The "Blues Shuffle" (or a "Shuffle Beat")
The blues shuffle (otherwise known as a shuffle beat/groove) is a groove that is played normally over blues tunes or blues-rock tunes.
This beat is played in swing time, which means it is a triplet feel. Technically, it is very similar to the 'Money Beat' that we just learned. The coordination pattern is literally identical.
However, this beat sounds noticeably different because it is played in swing time (or shuffle time).
3. Four on the floor
Another term that drummers and musicians throw around a lot is 'four on the floor'. This means 4 equally spaced quarter notes on the bass drum.
This term can be used to communicate different things. Perhaps they simply want those driving bass drum notes unaccompanied by anything else on the drumset.
Other times they may mean to do another type of groove, but keep those 4 quarter notes on the bass drum very present. For example — let's take a look at a couple of grooves that utilize four on the floor.
4. Disco Groove
For example, four on the floor in a 'Disco groove' context means playing a normal beat but with all 4 kick drums blaring and throwing in some open hi-hats.
Take a listen to Gloria Gaynor's classic 'I Will Survive' for a great example of a disco beat.
5. Jazz Swing
The Jazz Swing pattern is similar to the Blues Pattern, however, we will usually shift over to the ride cymbal, use our foot to play the hi-hat on beats two and four, and lay off the backbeat a little to create more space and not have the groove be so narrowly defined.
Although repetition exists, the grooves can be much more freeform.
Using four on the floor is common in more traditional types of jazz and many people will reference it. When you get into more modern jazz using straight four on the floor is not as common.
Jazz Pattern using four on the floor
Jazz pattern with varying bass drum rhythms
6. Purdie Shuffle
You may have heard this name from the well-known drummer Bernard Purdie. Even if you haven't heard of this man, you surely heard his drumming as he was a studio drummer who has played on hundreds of hit albums.
Bernard first used this beat on Steely Dan's track Home At Last, but ever since then this is has been a household beat among drummers.
Many drummers have also done a version of this beat on their own songs. John Bonham did it in "Fool in the Rain" (Led Zeppelin), Toto did it on "Roxanne".
Here's the basic form of it.
This pattern is so funky and a blast to play around with. It is no wonder it has a space in modern drum parlance.
7. Motown Groove
This groove can be heard on countless records throughout the 60s and 70s. The style of music called 'Motown' encompasses A LOT of music.
A few iconic personalities that come to mind are 'Marvin Gaye', 'Stevie Wonder', 'The Supremes'...
The groove goes something like this:
It's a fun, upbeat groove that can get the band up and running and everyone on the floor dancing.
You can hear a similar sort of beat in The Supremes song You Keep Me Hangin' On.
8. 16th note groove
This beat is sometimes called a '16th note groove' or more specifically a '16th note hi-hat groove', since it is characterized by its fast sixteenth-note pattern on the hi-hat while keeping a groove going with the snare and bass drum.
Many drummers don't play this with one hand on the hi-hat, rather they alternate with two hands and hit their snare drum with the opposite hand that they usually hit the snare drum (since most drummers play with their hands crossed).
Here you can hear it utilized in the famous tune That's The Way (I Like It) by KC & The Sunshine Band.
Beats in other great songs
These were examples of common beats with their names. For more transcriptions of beats in popular music click on these links to our other articles!
Ben Heckler is a multi-instrumentalist and musician from Portland, Oregon. Currently Ben lives in Barcelona where he teaches drum lessons, writes and records original music for his band Sea Fuzz as well as playing drums for one of the biggest Beatles tribute bands in Europe, The Flaming Shakers.
Ben is constantly creating and composing various types of music, video, and artwork for a multitude of projects that come his way. He hopes to use his platforms to share, help and inspire others to create in their own ways.