Understanding Rhythm GuitarPosted by Mike Schumacher
When it comes to guitar, there are two main components that make up what we refer to as rhythm or playing along with a song. These components are called meter and timing.
Meter is the pattern in which notes of a music piece occur. A common example of meter is duple (or double) time – this means every other note is one beat longer than its neighbor. For instance, a standard way to play a bass line using this metric would be to take your first measure’s drop 2 chord as an AND-BEING LOCKED IN ON THAT CHORD.
The second measure starts off by dropping back into the same place as the first measure but now moves at half speed, creating a -EVEN METER! This is how most songs work, alternating between slow and fast parts that shift tone and position.
By understanding meters, you will know how to play lots of cool rhythmic patterns and sequences. And while some may seem too easy, they all contribute beautifully to establishing a sense of groove for your guitarist!
Timing is just making sure each sound is hit at the right time. To do this, someone who is advanced can use their inner clock to help them. We cannot control when our heart beats or breathing happens, but we have an internal timer that helps regulate these things.
For musicians, our timing is usually related to the rhythm of the song we are listening to.
Learn to read chord progressions
Chord progressions are one of the most important things you can learn as a guitarist. They occur when you combine chords into sequences or patterns that repeat themselves within a song.
Most songs use at least three chords in a progression, with each new chord coming after the other by an interval (for example, A-B-A-C-D-E). These intervals are called roots, half steps, or whole steps depending on how many notes they contain.
The root is the lowest note; for instance, the first chord in a lot of songs is the root position major scale starting on the third string, which is G. The second chord would be the next highest note, the fifth string, which is D. This sequence — start on a good base! — is a common technique used throughout music.
Knowing how to identify and recognize chord progressions will take your playing to another level. It will also help you pick up guitar quickly, as you’ll have some basic structures under your belt.
There are several ways to approach learning about chord progressions. You could study theory, practice using software, or just dive in and listen to lots of music! All these strategies work, but none are better than the others unless you have a reason for why this method seems more logical or effective to you.
In this article, we will talk about two different approaches to identifying chord progressions.
Learn to sing or play along with the song
The second part of learning how to play rhythm guitar is being able to sing or at least sound like you can! This is definitely one of the most important things when it comes to mastering this skill.
By now, you’ve probably picked up some basics such as playing individual notes and chords, basic time signatures, and maybe even learned how to strum. But what if I told you that all these skills go out the window once you stop listening to the songs you practice?
That would be pretty annoying, right?
It makes sense though; music is built upon patterns and rhythms which are key components in creating sounds and melodies. When you lose track of those, then you lose parts of the music.
Luckily, there are several ways to learn how to sing on top of knowing how to play an instrument. Two of the best are practicing singing scales and exercises called breathing drills.
This article will talk more about the latter but first, let’s take a look at some examples of how to start singing.
Practice playing along with the song
The next logical step is to practice playing along with the song you have already learned how to play. You can do this by either using a guitar that has rhythm track functions or through an app designed for practicing music.
Using a device like these makes it easy to get quick feedback, as well as repeatable practices. Both of these things are important when learning any new skill. Repeatability will help you develop muscle memory, while getting quick feedback allows you to fix mistakes more quickly.
There are many apps and devices that offer ways to add a rhythm component to your guitar playing. Some focus more on adding foot-based rhythms, some use stick-dynamics, and some even let you strum in time! All of these tools can be helpful in developing your rhythm skills.
Overall, trying to learn rhythm guitar is about becoming familiar with the timing of notes, the rhythm pattern, and the feet.
Use a metronome
A very helpful tool for learning rhythm is using a metronome! A metronome works by timing how quickly you play your notes. Most music has a steady, consistent beat that makes sense to most people (think: drum beats or bass drops).
The trick is creating a feeling of this natural beat in yourself. Pick up the tempo of the song you want to learn some chords with and use the same metronome to help you find the feel of the rhythm.
You can also create different rhythms by changing the speed at which you hit the note. For example, if the song only has one chord per line, you could try playing each note as slowly as possible until it feels like it fits together.
Learn to sing or play along with the song
The second part of learning how to be a guitarist is being able to read music. Once you are familiar with some chords, it’s time to learn how to sing or at least sound like you know what you’re talking about!
You can choose from two approaches. You can either start by singing the notes as they come up in a song, or you can use a technique called reading music.
With reading music, you pick out a short passage (usually a few bars) and then match the numbers and letters to those same tones. For example, if the passage said “Ab major pentad,” you would take the first note (A), make that your starting pitch, and then go down one step (B). Then go up a whole tone (C#), and back down again by a half-step (D). This creates a pattern known as an octave.
Then, just like when we learned how to count backwards, you move forward in time according to this rhythm. In this case, each foot goes one bar forwards, making a full measure equal one beat.
Learn to take drum breaks
The next part of rhythm guitar is learning how to add some additional texture to your music. This includes adding drum beats or break-downs into your songs! You can do this by taking short, one-or two-beat drums that you combine together to make longer rhythms.
The easiest way to learn how to do this is by practicing using a slow song as a guide. Pick a piece that you are familiar with and start speeding it up slightly. As you increase the speed, add in more drum parts to fill in the spaces left over from the original song.
Know how to improvise
A lot of people focus too much on using guitar techniques as steps to create music, when really, the best musicians don’t! They know how to add little touches and embellishments to their songs that aren’t necessarily skills, but aren’t written down or done in theory.
Some examples are adding harmonic drops, creating rhythmic hooks, or doubling up notes to make them sound fuller. All of these things can be done without knowing what any of the underlying structures are, only that you feel like doing it!
Improvising is about letting yourself go with whatever feels right at the time. You do not have to know what chords mean before trying something new with them, nor does every song need to be within some rule structure.
Practice taking drum breaks
The next part of rhythm guitar is figuring out how to practice your skills, or as some like to call it, “practice methods”. This can be tricky at times because there are so many different styles of music that use rhythmic patterns in varying ways.
But if you have a basic understanding of where most song rhythms come from, you will know what to do with this information.
Most songs start off with an intro, which is usually just one note or chord repeated for a set amount of time. After the intro, the rest of the song is made up of a steady pulse (or beat) followed by other notes or chords being attached to the beat in specific places and for certain amounts of time.
These additional notes and chords make up the melody and verse of the song, while the steady beat forms the chorus and sometimes new melodies or riffs are added onto the pre-existing ones.
The trick is to learn how to play these parts independently of each other.
The Jam Addict team is a revolving door of writers who care about music, its effects on culture, and giving aspiring artists tools and knowledge to be inspired and keep on creating.
If you have any questions or concerns or just want to drop us a line, don’t hesitate to contact us! We always appreciate the feedback.