When I began learning the guitar, no one truly explained to me why scales are important.
I didn’t see the utility in them at all, and I was convinced that they were some sort of torture device used by music school teachers to make kids run away from the music hallway.
I also didn’t know which ones were best to practice nor and how should I practice! Should I just run up and down the scales, that’s it? Am I a better guitarist now?.
In this lesson I want to discuss the fundamentals of scales, how they are used, and how we can practice them so that they are useful.
A scale is a group of notes that work together to sound good in relation to a harmony (a harmony could be a chord, for instance).
Likewise, chords can be developed from scales just as scales can be developed from chords.
Most people use scales to create guitar solos over chords. You can also use scales to create melodies or riffs over chords.
Ultimately, scales will help you improvise and create music easier. They also help you to learn what other guitarists are playing much easier because once you’ve learned the patterns, you start to see them everywhere.
Scales are just useful for developing technique and getting faster at playing the guitar. It forces you to train your finger muscles in a way that will be useful for later on.
I always recommend people start with the Major Scale.
The reason is that there is so much that can be learned with just this one scale. You can simply take notes out of it or start the scale in a different place and you’ve created other familiar and useful scales.
Let’s get started. Play the following notes.
The C major scale is easy to categorize because as we see, all the notes are natural, meaning they have no sharps or flats. The scale is: C D E F G A B, and again higher on the neck C D E F G A B C.
Now take out a couple of those notes.
So we will only play the following: C D E G A.
Skipping these notes allows us to play a condensed version of the scale called a pentatonic scale.
The pentatonic scale is one of the most frequently used scales in rock and pop music. So if you play a C major chord or an A minor chord, this scale will fit perfectly over it.
Now let’s take those same notes on the frets: C D E F G A B
But this time let’s start on the sixth note: A B C D E F G
So we can start on the 2nd fret of the G string and play the same notes. Notice how it has a minor sound? We can even climb back down the scale (we can add the B on the 2nd fret of the A string and land on a lower A note on the 5th fret of the low E string).
This is a minor scale. Now if we want to make the pentatonic minor we simply take out a few notes:
Minor pentatonic scale: A C D E G
NOTICE these are the SAME EXACT NOTES from major pentatonic scale except rearranged.
Minor pentatonic scale: A C D E G
Major pentatonic scale: C D E G A.
It seems like we’ve just learned lot of information. But the reality is we’ve just been manipulating one scale!
I really recommend learning the major scale very thoroughly, because then all of these changes I’m recommending will seem not complicated at all.
The term positions sometimes can create confusion.
Some individuals say that position is where you are on the neck some others say position to show various ways of playing the same scale.
The unfortunately truth is, there are a lot of ways to play the same thing on the guitar. So we need to learn our instrument to figure out where these notes lie.
This means that you can probably play the same scale 3 or 4 different ways on the guitar.
I would learn one position first. Then I would experiment but trying to learn another way to play the same scale AND NOT LOOKING AT ANY CHORD CHARTS.
Use your ears and try to mimic the same notes on guitar.
When practicing scales on guitar, as soon as you have learned to play a scale position more or less, hook up a metronome and practice them ascending and descending.
Start slow and play on the click or play two notes every click and work your way up and down these scales in a straightforward fashion.
Now try to play the same scales, ascending and then descending, but switch up the rhythm so that you aren’t playing it steadly, maybe sometimes you play eighth notes, sometimes you play quarter notes.
This will help you familiarize yourself with the scale as well as a short rhythmic improvisation.
It is then beneficial to begin to practice your scales in different ways. One way is to practice playing every third note.
So the C major scale in thirds would be: C E G B C E G B C
This is a little more advanced concept but I promise you, nothing will help you start to jump around these scales like practicing jumping through them in different intervals.
Let’s start with a blues. We can use our A minor pentatonic scale that we learned and just play that scale over all of this music:
Although there are chord changes, all of the music should fit into the notes we are playing with that scale.
We can also at the note between the D and the E (D# we can call it) and this is called the blue note. The blue note is used to travel between the D and E and it gives it a special bluesy quality.
A minor blues pentatonic scale: A C D D# E G
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Ben Heckler is a multi-instrumentalist and musician from Portland, Oregon. Currently Ben lives in Barcelona where he teaches drum lessons, writes and records original music for his band Sea Fuzz as well as playing drums for one of the biggest Beatles tribute bands in Europe, The Flaming Shakers.
Ben is constantly creating and composing various types of music, video, and artwork for a multitude of projects that come his way. He hopes to use his platforms to share, help and inspire others to create in their own ways.